This chapter is a picture of millennial Jerusalem under King Jesus as the Branch of the LORD.
This chapter is a picture of millennial Jerusalem under King Jesus as the Branch of the LORD.

Verse 1 of this chapter concludes the vision of chapter 3, in which Isaiah has proclaimed the impending fall of Jerusalem that would take place in 586 BC. Seven women seek to become wives of one man because in chapter 3 the warriors have been slain in battle and there is a shortage of surviving men.

In verse 2, the vision is transformed into one of millennial Jerusalem, and Israel's survivors of the Great Tribulation, living in the reign of Jesus, the Branch of the LORD (see also Isaiah 11:1, Jeremiah 23:5-8, Zechariah 3:8 and 6:12). The NET bible translation obscures this phrase, but in the KJV verse 2 says, "In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel".

In verses 3 to 4, the people are made holy, and cleansed of the immorality that Isaiah accused his generation of, especially the women, in the previous chapter.

Verses 5 to 6 tell us the Lord will create a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night over all of Mount Zion. This reminds us of the pillar of cloud and fire in the Exodus story, and portrays Jesus as the new Moses (see also Jeremiah 23:7-8). Under his leadership, Zion will be a refuge for all who live there.
Places: Zion, Millennial Jerusalem
Symbols: The Branch
Tags: Jesus as the Branch, Millennial reign of Jesus, Millennial Jerusalem, Millennium, Jesus as the end-time Moses, Pillar of fire, Survivors of the Great Tribulation
4 Seven women will grab hold of one man at that time. They will say, “We will provide our own food, we will provide our own clothes; but let us belong to you – take away our shame!”

The Branch of the Lord

2 At that time the crops given by the Lord will bring admiration and honor; the produce of the land will be a source of pride and delight to those who remain in Israel.
3 Those remaining in Zion, those left in Jerusalem, will be called “holy,” all in Jerusalem who are destined to live.
4 At that time the Lord will wash the excrement from Zion’s women, he will rinse the bloodstains from Jerusalem’s midst, as he comes to judge and to bring devastation.
5 Then the Lord will create over all of Mount Zion and over its convocations a cloud and smoke by day and a bright flame of fire by night; indeed a canopy will accompany the Lord’s glorious presence.
6 By day it will be a shelter to provide shade from the heat, as well as safety and protection from the heavy downpour.