Description
This psalm is a prophecy of earth-shattering events and political upheaval that take place during the Great Tribulation. It is an encouragement to believers not to be afraid, but to know that God is our ever-present help in time of trouble.
Commentary
This psalm is a prophecy of earth-shattering events and political upheaval that take place during the Great Tribulation. It is an encouragement to believers in the Great Tribulation not to be afraid, but to know that God is truly our helper in times of trouble (v1).

Mountains refer metaphorically to kingdoms, and waters to peoples and nations (see Revelation 17:15). So the waters roaring in verse 3 are equivalent to the nations in uproar in verse 6. Similarly, the mountains shaking, tumbling, or dissolving (v2, 3, 6) are equivalent to kingdoms falling (v6). This is similar to the picture painted in Micah 1:3-4, "Look, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling place! He will descend and march on the earth’s mountaintops! The mountains will crumble beneath him; and the valleys will split apart, like wax before a fire, like water dumped down a steep slope." (NET)

Amidst this apparent chaos on earth, the psalmist assures us in verses 4 to 5 that there is a river whose streams make glad the city of God. God is within her and she will not fall. In other words, from a heavenly perspective, God's kingdom is secure and will prevail when earthly kingdoms fall. The river of God is also pictured in Ezekiel 47, which is a portrayal of the millennial Jerusalem.

Verse 6 says, "God gives a shout, the earth dissolves". As in Psalm 29, the psalmist portrays the powerful effects of Jesus' voice at the battle of Armageddon. Revelation 19:15 says, "From his mouth extends a sharp sword, so that with it he can strike the nations.". (NET)

Verse 8 to 10 tell us that although God is going to bring desolation to earthly kingdoms, his purpose is to establish peace on earth. This will be accomplished when Jesus is exalted among the nations, and the nations will know God and be still. Jesus wages war at Armageddon because it truly is the war to end all wars (v9).

The psalm ends by repeating the confident affirmation that, "The Lord of Heaven’s Armies is on our side! The God of Jacob is our protector!" (v7 & 11).
Tags
Places:
Symbols: Mountains, Waters, Voice of the Lord
Tags: Great Tribulation, Political upheaval, Nations fall, River of God, Jesus exalted over the nations
1 For the music director; by the Korahites; according to the alamoth style; a song. God is our strong refuge; he is truly our helper in times of trouble.
2 For this reason we do not fear when the earth shakes, and the mountains tumble into the depths of the sea,
3 when its waves crash and foam, and the mountains shake before the surging sea. (Selah)
4 The river’s channels bring joy to the city of God, the special, holy dwelling place of the Most High.
5 God lives within it, it cannot be moved. God rescues it at the break of dawn.
6 Nations are in uproar, kingdoms are overthrown. God gives a shout, the earth dissolves.
7 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies is on our side! The God of Jacob is our protector! (Selah)
8 Come! Witness the exploits of the Lord, who brings devastation to the earth!
9 He brings an end to wars throughout the earth; he shatters the bow and breaks the spear; he burns the shields with fire.
10 He says, “Stop your striving and recognize that I am God! I will be exalted over the nations! I will be exalted over the earth!”
11 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies is on our side! The God of Jacob is our protector! (Selah)
(NET)